Really the culture of plants has not reached its end in evolution. The growing of plants on other mediums like sand, stone, and liquid, other than the traditional soil is referred to as hydroponics. What will be a necessary addition to these alternative mediums is the addition of nutrients to facilitate the growth of the plants.
The name ‘hydroponics’ is a derivative of the two Latin words, Hydro, which stands for water and Ponos which translates to works. Hydroponics gardens are a favorite for plant growth since they have as their active working principle the delivery of nutrients and oxygen to the root zones of the plants making the growth rates and the yields as well be at a higher level as compared to the traditional gardens which have lower supplies of these essential elements for the growth and yield of the plants.
Hydroponic gardening will be greatly beneficial as a gardening alternative in comparison to the traditional soil gardens for several more reasons and we look at some of them below.
The first advantage of hydroponics is the fact that it will allow one to grow several plants in the hydroponic garden of equal size which would not have been possible with a traditional soil garden. The one outstanding benefit of the hydroponic gardens is the bit that they will get the plants in them a direct supply of oxygen and nutrients, a factor which will play a vital role in the increased productivity of the garden plants. The other benefit of these gardens is the allowance they give for squeezing the plants in them to allow for greater space efficiency. In a hydroponic garden, you will be able to even better control nutrient levels as compared to the soil gardens.
For those who are into the passion of growing plants, there are a number of hydroponic systems which you can employ to bring up your plants in a hydroponic garden. One which is most common of the hydroponics systems is the Nutrient Film Technique,(NFT), which always has the plants grown with their roots suspended in water with no growing medium. The other systems include the Drip systems, the Wick system, the Ebb and Flow system amongst many others.
Lighting is of great significance as well to the overall productivity of the plants in a hydroponic garden just like it is in the traditional soil gardens. Inadequacy in lighting needs is often common with many indoor planters and gardeners since they always fall to the idea to try and use the much light that is there to serve a wide area of the garden.
Advanced reading: Case Study: My Experience With Hydroponics